Federation of Peace and Accord, as the successor of the Soviet Peace Committee (Soviet Peace Committee), dates back to August 27, 1949
Then in Moscow All-Union Conference of Peace was elected Soviet Peace Committee, what was the beginning of the organized peace movement in the Soviet Union, which became part of the global movement of the same name.
In the fifties, when the outbreak of the "cold war," people of good will oppose threats turning it into a war with atomic weapons, fraught with the death of all life on Earth.
important milestone in the history of the advocates of peace in our country was collecting signatures on a famous (first) Stockholm appeal the prohibition of atomic weapons. In the early 50's more than 115 million people in the Soviet Union, and hundreds of millions of citizens of other countries have signed it, saying "no" to the resolution of international conflicts with atomic weapons.
In the decades largely through the efforts of the peace of various political and ideological orientation, considerable progress was made in easing international tensions and reduce the risk of nuclear war.
Many initiatives world community against the actions that undermine peace and stability in the end lead to the desired results. The most striking example of the effectiveness of public opinion, united and independent from political affiliation and ideological beliefs of peace, was in essence a worldwide campaign against the plans of production and deployment in Western Europe of neutron weapons. In the U.S. Congress released CIA report noted that "broad popular movement delayed ready plans large-scale production and deployment of neutron weapons".