Federation for Peace and Conciliation as the assignee of the Soviet Peace Committee (SPC) dates back its history from August 27, 1949. At that time the SPC was elected on the All-union conference of peacekeepers in Moscow. Thus the organized peacekeepers movement which became the integral part of the similar world movement had been initiated. In the 50-es when the Cold War broke out representatives of the peacekeepers movement opposed the threat of the nuclear weapons use fraught with destruction of mankind.
In the early 50-es with the assistance of the Soviet Peace Committee signatures to the first Stockholm appeal for the ban on atomic weapons were collected. More than 115 million people in the USSR and several millions of other citizens joined this appeal.
In the following decades mostly due to the efforts of the peacekeepers of various political and ideological orientations significant success in the process of the Detente and reduction of the nuclear war threat had been reached. The SPC numerous projects aimed at strengthening of the international cooperation for peace and disarmament have a long history. For example, Soviet Peace Committee held a series of seminars on the projects “Eurochernobyl” and “Eurochernobyl-II” aimed at the comprehensive analysis of the Chernobyl atomic power plant accident. At that time SPC initiated the appeals on the government and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR for the suspension of nuclear tests on the Semipalatinsk polygon as well as for the allocation of resources on the equipment for the children medical center in Semipalatinsk.
Federation for Peace and Conciliation as the international organization formed on the basis of the peacemaking organizations involved in the Soviet Peace Committee system started its activity in the dramatically changed internal and international environment. Socio-political processes on the territory of the new independent states revealed new capabilities and at the same time created new difficulties for the interaction of the peacemakers. At that time the IFPC main motto was proclaimed :”Peace in One’s Own Home and Throughout the World”, which was reflected in the efforts launched for the settlement of the regional conflicts on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Among one of the main goals in the 1990-es the program “Reconciliation” aimed at promoting the resolution of national, territorial and ethnopolitical conflicts on the territory of Russia and new independent states was launched. In 1992-1994 Federation for Peace and Conciliation held a series of the conflict resolution mediator meetings between North Ossetia and Ingushetia, Abkhazia and Georgia as well as South Ossetia and Georgia.
Federation for Peace and Conciliation actively continued to support nuclear disarmament and strengthening the international security system. Since 1995 within the IFPC program “International Cooperation for Peace, Disarmament and Security” several expert meetings “State and Perspectives of the Russian and USA Nuclear Complexes” have been held which brought together prominent scientists – experts in the sphere of nuclear security and arms control. Since 2004 in Federation for Peace and Conciliation international expert meetings “Principles of the EU-Russia Partnership” and “Building the Relations with the EU in the Security Sphere” have been organized. In 2005 IFPC in cooperation with the weekly magazine “Sobesednik” initiated the appeal to the Nobel Committee on behalf of the nominating for the Nobel Peace Prize the submarine K-19 crew which prevented nuclear catastrophe in the Norwegian Sea in 1961.
At the present moment IFPC regularly organizes various events and actions related to the issues of nuclear threat reduction, strengthening the cooperation between the state and the civil society structures, developing broad cultural interaction between different countries in the world.